Mars has long been a source of fascination for humanity, and its exploration has been one of the most exciting and ambitious endeavors in the history of space travel. Over the past few decades, we have learned a great deal about the Red Planet, but there is still much that we do not know. Future missions to Mars will aim to expand our understanding of this planet and its potential for life, and to pave the way for human exploration.

Upcoming Missions

A number of exciting Mars missions are planned for the coming years. One of the most anticipated is the Mars Sample Return mission, which is a joint effort between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). This mission is scheduled to launch in 2028 and will return the first samples of Martian rock and soil to Earth. These samples will be analyzed by scientists around the world, and are expected to provide new insights into the history of Mars and its potential for life.

Another notable upcoming mission is the ESA’s ExoMars rover, which is scheduled to launch in 2028. This rover will drill into the Martian surface to search for evidence of past or present life. It will also carry a number of other instruments to study the Martian environment, including its atmosphere, geology, and climate.

Future Discoveries

Future missions to Mars are expected to make a number of important discoveries. For example, scientists are eager to learn more about the Martian climate and how it has changed over time. They are also interested in studying the planet’s geology and searching for evidence of ancient water flows. Of course, one of the most exciting possibilities is the discovery of life on Mars.

While there is no definitive evidence that life has ever existed on Mars, there are a number of intriguing clues. For example, scientists have found evidence of ancient lakes and rivers on the planet, as well as organic molecules that could be the building blocks of life. Future missions will look for more definitive evidence of life, such as fossils or biosignatures.

Human Exploration

In addition to the scientific goals, future missions to Mars are also paving the way for human exploration. NASA is currently developing a number of technologies that will be needed for a crewed mission to Mars, such as life support systems and radiation shielding. The agency is also working on developing new methods for landing and taking off from the Martian surface.

While there is no timeline for a crewed mission to Mars, it is a goal that NASA is committed to achieving. Human exploration of Mars would be one of the most significant milestones in human history, and it would open up a new chapter in our understanding of the universe.


The future of Mars exploration is bright. Upcoming missions are expected to make a number of important discoveries, and they are paving the way for human exploration. As we learn more about this fascinating planet, we will gain a better understanding of its history, its potential for life, and our place in the universe.